Git was invented by Linus Torvalds in the year 2005, the creator of Linux operating system kernel. Git is an open-source, Distributed Version Control System (DVCS) and also one of the most common version control systems in the world.
Git and Its Outstanding Features
Because to the way the system was promoted, the system turned out to be the most common version control system of choice for several distributed development groups. On the other hand its design lends itself to enhanced performance, collaboration, and security over numerous other systems.
Git’s distributed architecture implies that every developer has a local copy of the whole history. The local copies are fully-fledged repositories which has a complete history of alterations, and do not need any access to a central server, or collaborative network in order to create commits, perform diffs, or inspect previous versions. This, in line, makes it loads faster than most other version control systems.
Git also gives itself to stress-free collaboration, and scaling your team once it comes to development team workflows. Not like centralised version control systems, it allows a feature branch workflow which offers a secluded environment for code alterations.
This implies every feature or logical part, irrespective of size, is created on a new branch, keeping the main branch clean. It also means development progress can continue on a project irrespective of approval, or interruptions in the production branch, as each contributor can work in their secluded environment.
Furthermore, Git utilizes a cryptographically secure hashing algorithm known as “SHA1”. This algorithm make sure your source code history is guided against security vulnerabilities such as unintended or malicious alterations, while making alterations traceable.
Down side of Git
Git, of course, has its down side, it’s not suitable to every project. For instance, some criticizers argue Git is excessively complex, and not mostly user friendly, citing tedious and lengthy commands when compared to some other systems.
As luck would have it, one of Gits major advantage is that its decentralized architecture and resulting speed, can also be one of its biggest weaknesses when it comes to native large file management. In a situation where by each contributor has a full clone of the repository, alterations to large binary files can lead to a bottleneck, and severe slowing, and increased bloat of repositories. Surely, there are some third-party integrations like Git LFS, and git-annex that overcome this problem.
Generally, Git is a malleable, secure, and efficient distributed version control system, appropriate to a range of projects. Even though there are reproaches over its ease of use, and management of bulky files, it is not difficult to see the reason why it is the most popular version control system.
Want to learn more about the alternative which is GitHub? Check out GitHub.